DIET 101: Everything You Need To Know About Healthy Eating

 by Dr. Steve Hruby
Reviewed by Dr. Steve Hruby

I am a chiropractor, father, husband, coach, entrepreneur, and motivational speaker. Feeling good about yourself is a choice: My mission is to transform lives through optimized health and overall well-being.

  Fact Checked
 by Rhealyn Tropia, RMT
Reviewed by Rhealyn Tropia, RMT

I’ve been called a Data Ninja, The Fact Checker, and a Human Search Engine. I’m an indie content curator who does research daily, and quizzes myself on the important issues of the day.


How does 9.9 billion pounds sound to you? Can you believe that’s the number of yearly fries Americans consume if 30lbs per person is to go by?

From ruffles to Cheetos, Doritos, and more, our junk food cravings are an insatiable obsession: a little piece of oblivion. While not as frowned upon as liquor and drugs, the damage they add in excessiveness may be just as lethal.

The first step to a healthy diet is admitting that we have a problem.

Identify your problem foods. These are the foods that you know are bad for you, but you can’t seem to resist. For me, it’s ketchup and anything fried. For you, it might be something else.

Once you’ve identified the problem foods, find healthy alternatives. This step can be tricky, but it’s important to remember that healthy doesn’t have to be boring. There are plenty of delicious healthy foods to try. Also,  organize your meal plan well.

Let’s get into the details and see how to set up your next plate in fun yet healthy ways.

What Is a Basic Diet?

The key to a healthy diet is ensuring that it contains all the essential nutrients your body needs to function correctly. A basic diet is a diet that contains the vital nutrients necessary for human health.

A basic diet doesn’t need to be expensive or complicated. Many healthy diets come from simple foods readily available at most grocery stores.

Now, what are 7 balanced diets? These are diets that include the seven crucial ingredients needed for optimal nourishment. These nutrients include protein, minerals, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, fiber, and water.

Some examples of foods you can add to a basic diet include:

  • Water and blended juices
  • Fat: nuts, seeds, avocados, olive oil
  • Vitamins: dark leafy greens, fruits, tomatoes
  • Carbohydrates: whole grains, fruits, vegetables
  • Fiber: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans
  • Protein: fat-free dairy products, lean meats, tofu, legumes
  • Minerals: dark leafy greens, beans, nuts, seeds, supplements

Why a Balanced Diet Is Important?

A balanced diet is crucial because it helps the body get the proper amounts of the various nutrients required. These nutrients are essential for the body to function correctly.

oman with long hair holding fresh vegetables

A balanced diet has other reasons like:

  • It helps to maintain a healthy weight.
  • It helps to ensure excellent mental health.
  • It helps to promote sound physical health.
  • It helps to reduce the danger of obtaining particular cancers.
  • It aids in the prevention of chronic lifestyle diseases, stroke, and type-2 diabetes.

Different Lifestyle Diet

Some people may prefer to follow a more restrictive diet, while others may choose a less restrictive diet. Whatever your preference, you can adopt a few unique lifestyle diets in your healthy journey.

Some of the best include Mediterranean, DASH, plant-based, vegan, ketogenic, low-carb, gluten-free, and the volumetric diet.

The Mediterranean Diet

What is Mediterranean food? Mediterranean food is a diet influenced by the dietary norms of Mediterranean populations. Examples are Italy and Greece.

Plant-based inclusions like whole grains, veg, herbs, nuts, seasonings, legumes, fruits, and seeds form the foundation of the diet. The primary source of dietary fat is olive oil.

Sea products like fish plus dairy and poultry are permissible in moderation. Candy and red meats are occasional menu items.

Is Mediterranean food healthy? Yes. Americans took an interest in the diet due to reduced incidences of chronic ailments like heart disease.

The DASH Diet

The DASH diet encompasses dietary methods that slacken blood pressure. The DASH diet is a balanced eating plan that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fiber, low-fat dairy, and lean protein.

It has mineral-rich products to provide adequate calcium, potassium, and magnesium supplies. 

The DASH diet also includes a daily limit on sodium intake (2,300mg or 1,500mg for the lower version). Research suggests the DASH diet can lower blood pressure in only two weeks.

Plant-based Diet

A plant-derived diet is a superb way to start a gut-cleanse meal plan. This diet focuses on consuming whole, unprocessed foods rich in nutrients.

carrots and leeks in the market

Moreover, a plant-based diet has low cholesterol and saturated fats. It may help deter various chronic diseases. 

To get started on a plant-based diet, try incorporating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains into your meals. Limit your intake of animal products, processed foods, and unhealthy fats.

Vegan Diet

An alkaline vegan diet is an excellent way to start a no-animal product journey. Focus on plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. You’ll also want to limit your intake of sodium and acidic foods, like coffee, alcohol, and processed foods.

An alkaline vegan diet can help lower your chances of becoming diabetic or getting heart disease. Additionally, an alkaline diet can help to improve your digestion, detoxify your body, and boost your energy levels.

Evidence also suggests a positive relationship between being vegetarian and PCOS relief of symptoms.

Drinking is a big challenge, but there are less-damaging solutions. For example, you can take tequila, which is vegan, low-calorie, zero sugar, and zero carbs.

Ketogenic Diet

A ketogenic diet entails substantially lowering carb consumption and substituting fat for it. This carbohydrate restriction puts your body in a state of metabolism: ketosis.

When the body is in ketosis, it uses fat for energy instead of carbohydrates. That’s why this diet is sometimes called a “fat-burning diet.”

A ketogenic diet can help you lose weight and improve your health.

Intermittent Fasting

Does intermittent fasting work? Some evidence suggest that intermittent fasting can be helpful for weight loss, heart health, inflammation, and adult verbal memory. 

When does the body start burning fat during fasting? Your body starts to burn stored fat for energy after 12 hours, which can lead to weight loss. 

However, it’s important to note that intermittent fasting is not a diet. You should still eat healthy, balanced meals when you’re not fasting.

What can you drink while fasting? You can drink water, black coffee, and unsweetened tea during fasting. Some people also do a 3-day gut cleanse during fasting, which involves drinking only liquids for three days.

How long do people fast? How long people fast depends on their goals. Some people fast for 16 hours a day, while others for 24.

The Volumetrics Diet

The Volumetrics diet is a weight-loss plan that emphasizes eating high-volume, low-calorie foods. It relies on the principle that weight loss is about more than just calories. It’s also about the volume of food you eat.

man holding a slice of watermelon

This diet plan includes foods that are high in water and fiber. Such foods can help you feel full without eating many calories.

Some of the best foods for weight loss on the Volumetrics diet include veggies, whole grains, fruits, and lean proteins. During a volumetric diet, you can eat as much food as you usually do and still cut pounds.

Low Carb Diets

Low-carbohydrate plans are popular for a reason: they work. By cutting out carbohydrates, especially sugary and processed carbs, you can

  • Lose weight
  • Improve your energy levels
  • Stabilize your blood sugar levels.

Low-carb diets involve reducing your intake of carbs, like rice, pasta, and bread. These diets often recommend carb pairing, which is when you eat a low-carb food with a protein-dense food. Carb pairing helps you feel full and satisfied for longer.

Some of the best foods for weight loss on a low-carb diet include meats, fish, eggs, and vegetables. Low-carb diets can be helpful for people who want to lose weight quickly.


Gluten-free diets are obligatory for persons suffering from celiac or gluten sensitivity. If you don’t have either, you may still want to try a gluten-free diet for other unconfirmed benefits like weight loss.

Are you wondering how to go gluten-free? Avoid all foods with gluten, for instance, wheat products, barley, rye, and some oats. You can still eat gluten-free carbs like rice, quinoa, and potatoes.

Healthy Eating

Healthy eating is about more than just weight loss. It’s about nourishing your body with the nutrients it needs to function correctly.

There are many different healthy eating plans out there. Some, like the leaky gut diet, focus on gut health. Others, like the Japanese diet plan, focus on eating mostly whole, unprocessed foods.

women preparing healthy food in the kitchen

No matter which healthy diet you choose, the key is to eat more nutrient-rich foods and fewer empty calories.


Water is the best choice for quenching thirst and staying hydrated. But there are other healthy beverage options, too.

For example, unsweetened tea and coffee are low in calories and can help boost metabolism. Use plant-based milk like oat milk for weight loss and gut nourishment. 

If you need a bedtime beverage to help with weight loss, try drinking pineapple juice before bed. And if you’re craving something carbonated, get zero-sugar, caffeine-free soda.

Of course, not all beverages are created equal. Limit consumption of diet coke, sweet tea, and other sugary drinks. They play a factor in weight increment plus other health problems.

Gut healing drinks like kombucha are good for digestion. However, they may not be the best choice if you seek weight loss detox drinks.

The bottom line is to choose beverages that are low in sugar and calories.

Fruits and Vegetables

Do you want an excellent pre-bedtime snack? How about two: celery and grapes? The benefits of eating celery before bed are many: it’s low in calories, high in fiber, and it’s a good source of vitamins and minerals. Grapes before bed supply melatonin, which can help you sleep.

Of course, there are other healthy fruits and vegetables to add to your all-day diet. Blueberries, for example, have many antioxidants and help improve brain health. There are also immense benefits of reishi mushroom and other less-used veggies, like access to many vitamins and minerals.

Fruits and veg are low in calories and fat but thrive in minerals, vitamins, and fiber. Eating a fruit/veggie-rich diet can help you:

  • Cut pounds
  • Lower chronic ailment risk
  • Improve overall health.

Vitamins and Supplements

Many vitamins and supplements help improve your health. For example, amino acids help enhance blood flow and circulation. So, taking l-arginine and l-citrulline before bed can boost your sleep quality.

supplements in different colors and shapes

Another excellent alternative is using vitamin c before bed. Vitamin c may help combat the troubles associated with sleep apnea and similar issues. It’s also a fantastic antioxidant that can help combat swelling and support immunity.

Vitamins and supplements can help fill in the gaps of what your diet may be lacking. For example, if you don’t eat enough leafy greens, you may want to consider taking a vitamin K supplement.

Take vitamins and supplements in addition to a healthy diet, not in place of it. Eating various nutrient-rich foods is the best way to ensure you get all the nutrients you need.


Carbs are the body’s primary energy source and help support brain health.

That said, not all carbs are created equal. Processed carbs like white bread and sugary cereals can cause blood sugar spikes and contribute to weight gain.

Instead, focus on eating healthy carbs like oatmeal before bed. Oatmeal is an excellent source of fiber and nutrients and can help you feel fuller for longer.

There are also healthy alternatives to fast food. For example, you can get a grilled chicken sandwich instead of a fried one. Or you can order a salad instead of fries.

What is the Best Diet for Weight Loss?

The best weight reduction diet varies from person to person, though the volumetrics diet is a solid option. That said, you can follow some general guidelines to create a successful weight loss plan.

Induce weight loss by creating a calorie deficit. You must expend more calories than you ingest daily. One way to do this is by increasing your activity level, such as exercising more frequently.

Another way to create a calorie deficit is to reduce the calories you consume. You can do this either by eating fewer calories or by choosing foods that are lower in calories.

Second, it’s essential to choose nutrient-rich foods like Sunlit Best Green Organics Spirulina when trying to lose weight. These foods help to keep you feeling full and satisfied. Simultaneously, they provide your body with the necessary nutrients to function correctly.

Finally, it’s essential to have realistic expectations when trying to lose weight. It’s challenging to lose large amounts of weight quickly, and crash diets are unsustainable in the long term. Slow and steady weight loss is more likely to be successful.

What’s the Best Diet for Beginners?

The best starter diet varies depending on individual goals and preferences. However, some essential tips for choosing a healthy diet plan include:

healthy food for diet
  • Including plenty of fruits and vegetables
  • Choosing whole foods over processed foods
  • Balancing healthy fats, proteins, and carbohydrates

Additionally, paying attention to portion sizes and avoiding sugary drinks and snacks is essential.

When starting a new diet, it’s also helpful to ease into it gradually rather than making drastic changes at once. For example, if someone eats fast food for every meal, they may want to start by cutting back to one fast food meal per week. 

Also, it’s vital to ensure that the diet is sustainable in the long term. Fad diets, or those that are too restrictive, are often not sustainable. They may lead to unhealthy eating habits lie compensatory behavior.

What Is the 80/20 Rule Diet?

This technique is a simple way of eating that can profoundly affect your health. The 80/20 rule diet is a diet where you eat healthy 80% of the time. You can then indulge in your favorite foods for the remaining 20%. 

This diet allows you to have your cake and eat it too. It’s a sustainable diet that you can follow for the long term.

The 80/20 rule diet has many benefits. It helps you healthily lose weight and keeps the weight off. It also allows you to maintain your energy levels and prevents you from feeling deprived. This diet also helps you to enjoy your food more and reduces the likelihood of binge eating.


An excellent start is to look for recipes that use healthy ingredients. There are plenty of cookbooks and websites that specialize in healthy eating. Start exploring and see what looks good to you.

Another good tip is to ensure you’re getting enough fruits and vegetables in your diet. I know it sounds like a no-brainer, but many people don’t eat nearly enough of it, either. Fruits and vegetables thrive in nutrients that your body needs. So, ensure you get plenty of them.

Finally, don’t forget to sip a lot of water. Hydration is necessary for excellent health and can make you feel filled and content. If you struggle to stay hydrated, try including fruit or veggie juice in your diet.

Start your healthy journey today by adding excellent supplements like spirulina to your plan. Following these simple tips, you’ll be on your way to a healthier, happier you.

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